The tropics come alive: Here’s an update on the Gulf system, TS Hilary, and more

Happy Sunday, everyone. This weekend’s tropics update is a copy of what appeared on our sister hurricane site, The Eyewall, earlier today. It provides a full information on Hilary, the Gulf system, and all of the other activity ongoing in the Atlantic basin.

In regard to Houston’s forecast in particular, as we forecast on Friday, the region will be lucky to see rains from the Gulf disturbance, as it still appears likely to track too far south to bring much precipitation here. I wish it were otherwise.

One-sentence summary

Tropical Storm Hilary is expected to impact the Desert Southwest today with extremely heavy rain and a high risk of significant flooding, while South Texas eyes beneficial rains from a tropical wave this week, one of several Atlantic disturbances right now.

Hilary: Still likely to bring severe rain & flooding to the desert

The majority of the forecast is on track, with a few noteworthy changes today, mainly in the form of higher wind forecasts in southeast California, Nevada, and southwest Arizona. Hilary is approaching the coast of Baja this morning, mostly as expected.

Hilary should make landfall somewhere in northern Baja later this morning or this afternoon. Moisture extends well out ahead of it, and tropical moisture will arrive in the Southwest today. (

Very little has broadly changed in terms of the track, but a few nuances lead to a little more wind for the Southwest U.S. Hilary should come north as a tropical storm into California, transitioning to a depression near Death Valley, and then getting absorbed into the U.S. weather pattern over Nevada.

Hilary will maintain tropical characteristics deep into the Southwest U.S., before becoming “post-tropical” over the Great Basin. (National Hurricane Center)

Let’s walk through impacts again today.

Coastal SoCal Metros (Santa Barbara-Ventura-LA-OC-San Diego)

For most in these areas, Hilary will be a considerable inconvenience. However, there will be issues with flooding in spots. There will also be concerns about mudslides and debris flows in the foothills and near burn scars. While the majority of valley and coastal locations will see 1 to 3 inches of rain, that will be enough to cause flash flooding of roads, and travel later today may become a little difficult. Urban flooding is always a concern when you get rain rates of an inch an hour possible, which may be what occurs in spots.

Wind gusts will peak in coastal SoCal later this morning and this afternoon into evening as Hilary comes north. Power outages are likely in spots. (NWS San Diego)

Flood watches are posted, and honestly if you don’t need to be out later today, it’s best to stay put.

While winds may not look dramatic on the map above (with 30 to 40 mph wind gusts on the coast), there will be stronger winds in spots and likely some power outages.

Conditions from Santa Barbara through San Diego will improve tomorrow.

Rainfall will range from 1-3″ between Ventura County and San Diego. Higher totals are likely in the mountains and deserts and in localized spots.

Inland SoCal Metro Valleys and Mountains

The impacts inland from the coast will vary. North and east-facing mountain slopes will likely see the heaviest rainfall with 3 to 10 inches likely and higher amounts not out of the question. Rate rates will be intense, and in those particular mountains, we may see mudslides, rock slides, and the potential for significant, rapid-onset flooding. This will include the mountains east of San Diego, the north side of the San Gabriels, San Bernardinos, and Ventura County mountains. The Antelope Valley north of LA may be very susceptible to flooding due to rain in the mountains upstream.

A “high” risk of excessive rainfall and flooding is in place today for the eastern half of San Diego County into Palm Springs, the Antelope Valley, Morongo Basin (including Joshua Tree), much of the Mojave Desert, Death Valley, into Nye County, NV/the Amargosa Desert. (Pivotal Weather)

Flash flooding or debris flows will be likely in some of the foothills and mountains, and travel, particularly into the mountains or across the Antelope Valley will be discouraged later today.

Winds will mimic patterns that we usually see in these regions during Santa Ana wind events, with gusts locally up to 50, 60, or 70 mph possible. This isn’t a Santa Ana, but because the wind direction of an approaching tropical storm is similar to how winds setup in Santa Anas, you’ll get that pattern. Prepare for power outages in some of these areas.

California Deserts

As noted above, the Antelope Valley will be particularly susceptible to heavy rainfall, but the Mojave Desert as a whole will be as well. That high risk from the NWS Weather Prediction Center remains in effect today, as it has since a few days ago. Confidence is high in major, damaging flooding impacts in these areas, which may see the equivalent of a year or more worth of rain today. Areas from the Imperial Valley and Salton Sea north to Death Valley are at highest risk for poor outcomes today. Locally, mountain peaks will enhance rainfall some, including the Panamints near Death Valley. Travel is discouraged today in the deserts and between the coast and interior.

Winds will also be an issue here, with 40 to 60 mph gusts widespread and risk for higher in spots. Prepare for power outages in these areas.

Tropical storm and high wind warnings are in effect for most of Southern California, including the deserts, with gusts of 40 to 60 mph and higher likely in some of the interior areas. (Pivotal Weather)


Conditions tend to lessen some in Arizona, but there will still be issues with flooding and strong winds in the western part of the state.

Strong winds are likely in southwest Arizona, and power outages are a possibility in these spots. Rain totals (right) don’t look impressive, but there will be pockets of heavier rain and flash flooding possible, perhaps in some of the mountains north of Phoenix or in and around the Colorado River above Lake Havasu City. (Pivotal Weather)

Rain totals were dropped a good bit near Yuma today, as it appears a “dry slot,” or an area of dry air in between rainy bands may set up near Yuma.


For Las Vegas, the threat of flash flooding is real, even if the highest risks are to the west of there. Urbanized desert is especially susceptible to flooding, so if a cell or band of heavy rain just happens to set up over the Las Vegas Valley, you will have a recipe for significant urban flooding. Be aware and prepared today in Vegas.

Heavy rains will be likely in Nye County in particular from Hilary. Significant flash flooding is possible there. Strong winds will extend well north into the Great Basin as well. (Pivotal Weather)

The heaviest rain may occur near Mount Charleston. As the NWS in Las Vegas noted this morning, the Nevada 24 hour state rainfall record previously occurred there. The 7.78 inch total on Mt. Charleston may get challenged today.

In addition to the rain, strong winds will be an issue here as well and power outages are possible in southern Nevada.

Conditions should improve from south to north tomorrow.

Lots of Atlantic nuisance and noise

Shifting into the Atlantic basin now. The NHC’s outlook map looks more like a leaked flag football playbook or something.

There are a lot of items on the outlook map today, but none of them look particularly serious in terms of impacts. (NOAA NHC)

Right out of the gate, let me just say that none of these systems look particularly menacing or troublesome for any areas. Busy as it may be, we’ll call this a nuisance setup. Let’s walk through these things.

Gulf wave: A rainmaker in South Texas

The tropical wave we’ve been talking about for several days is finally in the Gulf of Mexico this morning, and based on satellite imagery, it is not terrible looking. Organized, no, but vigorous, yes.

A tropical wave in the Gulf with a 50% chance of developing over the next couple days is robust looking but disorganized for now. (

This will continue due west across the Gulf and make it into Texas by Tuesday morning. This has a 50/50 shot of becoming a depression or low-end tropical storm as it approaches Texas, but it is unlikely to surpass that level. The main impact from this system will be rainfall in Texas, a needed commodity. Sadly, for Houston and drought-stricken east Texas, this will do next to nothing. However, South Texas needs the rain too, and they will get some as this system moves in.

1 to 3 inches of beneficial rain is expected for South Texas, including Corpus Christi into Laredo and across northern Mexico. (Pivotal Weather)

Look for about 1 to 3 inches of rain for areas south of Matagorda Bay and lesser amounts north of there, to near 0 rain for the I-10 corridor in Houston and SE Texas.

Invest 90L: May develop today, rain for Hispaniola, Bermuda in the future?

The next wave to discuss is Invest 90L, which is located in the southeast Caribbean. It is beginning to attempt to develop there, and there’s some chance this becomes a depression or even Tropical Storm Emily today.

A robust tropical wave in the southeast Caribbean has a good chance at becoming a depression or storm in the next 24 hours. (Tropical Tidbits)

If you look at the NHC map above, you can see how 90L’s potential development takes on an “L” shape. The good news is that 90L should be drawn up north and out to sea rather quickly. The bad news is that it could impact Hispaniola, particularly with heavy rainfall. Bermuda may also want to keep an eye on 90L’s progress over the coming days. We will watch this closely for those areas this week.

Tropical Depression 6: Heads for the exits today

Invest 99L turned into TD 6 yesterday, and it will degenerate back into a wave today. Thanks for joining us.

Invest 98L & Africa waves

We expect development of Invest 98L in the next day or so, at least to a depression, maybe a tropical storm. But it will stay out at sea. Subsequent waves off Africa will likely behave similarly in the coming days.

14 thoughts on “The tropics come alive: Here’s an update on the Gulf system, TS Hilary, and more”

  1. Regarding our relentless high pressure system, how does something like this eventually dissipate? Does it take something/some things bigger to move it? Does it lose its strength because of other factors? Just trying to figure out what to watch for in long-range forecasts that might get this death high to relinquish its hold.

    • I’ve been wondering the same. I assume a strong enough cold front will eventually end it. However, could tropical activity do the same or would the tropical storm bounce off the high pressure?

      I assume at some point the decreasing daytime hours and reduced sunlight angles will weaken it.

      • I’ve resigned myself to the fact it will never cool down and never rain again in Houston.

        Abandon all hope, ye who live here.

      • I’d love to see them write a small essay about this in the coming few days. To answer your tropical system question, it seems to me that almost all tropical lows flow around the edges of high pressure systems. And as one tv meteorologist here likes to say, lows follow lows.
        I think it’s going to take a major shift in the jet stream to push our resilient high out of the way.

  2. I sent to my niece who is traveling back home to SD today. Thanks for covering not just the Gulf Coast and Houston, but the West and East Coasts. Your no-hype approach and clear explanations are appreciated.

  3. I have friends living in Desert Hot Springs, just north of Palm Springs and have been copying and pasting the Eyewall Hilary reports to them. They are loving the no-hype approach. But now further concerned about possible tornadoes. Right now it is raining like Harvey did; relentless. But everyone is safe. Thanks for Eyewall, my friends greatly appreciate the perspective and infro.

  4. You know you are getting desperate when you WANT a tropical storm to hit where you live. I’m there.

  5. I have not taken the time recently to thank you for your daily reports. They are always so clear and complete, and I learn so much about weather and what to expect from them. I did not take meteorology in college and so much is new and interesting to me.
    Thanks to both of you gentlemen and keep up the good work.
    Mindy Meeker

  6. I noticed that the Hobby Airport station hit 108 today, which I believe would tie its own highest recorded temperature record.

  7. Thanks for the excellent review current weather systems. This is easily as bad a heat wave as the 1980 summer, if not worse. If only there was a predictable symmetry to all of this weather. The hype-free and clear writing is greatly appreciated.

Comments are closed.

%d bloggers like this: